National Strategy for Food Waste Reduction
In February 2019, the Federal Cabinet adopted the National Strategy for Food Waste Reduction, which had been presented by Federal Minister Julia Klöckner. Klick here to read the National Strategy for Food Waste Reduction
The strategy identifies possible causes of food waste. It pinpoints challenges and spheres of activity to substantially reduce food waste along the food supply chain.
The aim is to halve per-capita food waste in Germany at retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses, by 2030. This is the stated aim of the coalition agreement and the United Nations 2030 Agenda.
The Länder, civil society actors, and associations from the agri-food sector, artisanal food production and the restaurant and catering sector were involved in the drafting of the National Strategy for Food Waste Reduction. The target agreements, measures and the progress of the strategy will be successively published on www.lebensmittelwertschaetzen.de.
Food waste in Germany
In Germany, around 12 million tonnes of food waste are generated every year (as of 2015). If food waste in private households were reduced by 50%, greenhouse gas emissions in Germany could be cut by six million tonnes of CO2 equivalents, according to an expert opinion by the BMEL’s scientific advisory boards on food, agricultural and forest policies. Anyone reducing food waste hence makes an active contribution to resource conservation and climate stewardship.
Approach and participatory implementation of the National Strategy
The Strategy makes it clear that reducing food waste is a task for society as a whole. Civil society, industry, administration and scientists are therefore called upon to contribute to the process necessary to fulfil this task.
- This is set to be achieved through participation in sectoral dialogue forums: the intention is to work together to develop specific measures on reducing food waste and set sector-specific targets. Dialogue forums have been set up for primary production, processing, wholesale and retail, away-from-home catering and private households.
- Representatives of the structures established by the national Strategy take part in the overarching National Dialogue Forum in order to exchange thoughts and ideas on the measures and progress achieved in the dialogue forums and – also beyond the sectoral boundaries – to provide impetus for further reduction possibilities for the entire food supply chain. It gathered for the first time in Berlin on 6 November 2019 in the presence of Federal Minister of Food Julia Klöckner. The second meeting will take part virtually in March 2021.
- In addition to the dialogue forums, the Federal Government/ Länder body is another important element in the implementation process. It undertakes the tasks of an inter-ministerial, cross-Land governance instrument, flanks the implementation of the Strategy and identifies further fields of action.
- The “AG Indikator SDG 12.3” working group coordinates the reporting on food waste in Germany under the German Sustainable Development Strategy, the United Nations 2030 Agenda and the European Union’s Waste Framework Directive. The members of the working group comprise representatives from the BMEL, the Thünen Institute, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, the Federal Environment Agency and the Federal Statistical Office.
The dialogue forums on primary production and processing
According to the 2015 Baseline Study, which the Thünen Institute drew up on behalf of the BMEL in 2019, the processing sector causes 18 % of the annual 12 million tonnes of food waste in Germany, while primary production causes 12 %.
On 28 January 2021, Federal Minister Julia Klöckner presented the certificates of support at the beginning of the dialogue forums on reducing food waste in primary production and in food processing: as coordinator, the German Agricultural Society (DLG) carries out the projects. Both dialogue forums are scientifically flanked by the Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute with the aim of improving the data situation for these sectors.
An intensive exchange of information and experiences will be organised via ‘Round tables’ for the individual product groups. The dialogue forums will, in cooperation with the companies, identify specific measures for reducing food waste in primary production, processing and at the interfaces with upstream and downstream sectors; these measures will then be tested and evaluated in demonstration farms and companies. This will be used as a basis to conclude target agreements for reducing food waste in primary production and processing.
The dialogue forum for wholesalers and retailers
The dialogue forum for wholesalers and retailers was launched in September 2019. The BMEL has been supporting the dialogue forum since November 2019. As of January 2021, 21 wholesale and retail enterprises have marked their commitment to reduce food waste by signing an agreement on participating in the dialogue forum for wholesale and retail. Other enterprises can still take part.
The enterprises have so far met three times for working meetings - in Bonn in November 2019, and online in April and November 2020 - in order to draw up specific activities.
To portray the reduction of food waste in wholesale and retail over a longer period of time, the members have taken measures to improve the data situation and to add to existing sources of data.
The aim of the project is to draft a target agreement related to the trade sector. Support is also to be provided for data collection on food waste in the sector.
The dialogue forum on avoiding food waste in away-from-home catering
With many changes in lifestyles taking place in society, the away-from-home market has gained increasing importance in recent years. This sector has a great potential for saving 30 to 50 percent of food waste. This is shown by the results of the more than 400 waste measurements and analyses that United against Waste e.V. has carried out since 2014 in cooperation with different businesses. Waste measurements carried out on twelve model farms during the dialogue forum show an average reduction in food waste of 25 percent.
The aim of this dialogue forum is to establish uniform methods for the recording and analysis of food waste and appropriate measures to reduce food waste in away-from-home catering. A target agreement is also intended to set out the instruments for the evaluation and documentation of measures and achieved goals. WWF Germany organises and coordinates the dialogue forum on avoiding food waste in away-from-home catering for the BMEL.
The dialogue forum on private households (civil society)
Over half the food waste that accrues in Germany is produced by consumers in private households. The dialogue forum for private households will therefore identify promising approaches and measures to reduce food waste, test these in cooperation with actors already active in this field, and review their effectiveness using a standard method developed in the dialogue forum. The actors will be brought together for discussions in regular network meetings.
The dialogue forum for private households, supported by the BMEL since October 2020, is coordinated by the Ecologic Institute and conducted in cooperation with the Technical University of Berlin and with Slow Food Deutschland.
On 4.03.2020, Federal Minister of Food Julia Klöckner, together with the presidents and chairs of seven umbrella associations of the agri-food sector, trade, artisanal food production and the restaurant and catering sector, signed a general agreement on reducing food waste. This general agreement forms the basis for the cooperation in implementing the National Strategy for Food Waste Reduction.
Recording of food waste in Germany, baseline 2015
On behalf of the BMEL and in cooperation with the University of Stuttgart, the Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute (TI) calculated food waste levels along the entire food supply chain for Germany. In doing so, European Union requirements were taken into account, which will ensure the future comparability of food waste quantities in the Member States, and which will act as the baseline for continuous reporting to the EU until 2030. The TI data were published on 12 September 2019 and form the working basis and benchmark to describe the progress made by the National Strategy for Food Waste Reduction.
The specific methodology for reporting to the EU is currently being developed.
Promoting the digital eco platform of Tafel Deutschland e.V. (German Association of Food Banks)
Since 2019, the BMEL has been supporting the "eco-Plattform" project run by Tafel Deutschland e.V..
The “eco-Plattform”, in the “Tafel macht Zukunft – gemeinsam digital” project, is intended to improve the interface between food-donating companies and the food banks, for example by improving digitalised delivery notes, and in this way simplifying the donation of unsold food that is still edible.
The "Too good for the bin!" initiative as a baseline
The BMEL launched the "Too good for the bin!" initiative in March 2012. This has focused the public’s attention on the issue of food waste and made consumers have a greater appreciation of food. Too good for the bin! is being continually expanded and extended to include the entire food supply chain.
BMEL activities to combat food waste
More appreciation, less food waste!
Food waste is unacceptable from an ethical, ecological and economic standpoint. The Too good for the bin! Initiative has succeeded in recent years, through targeted, broadly disseminated information, to raise awareness of the value of our food and consequently to reduce waste.
Objectives and national strategy
In the coalition agreement, Germany once again stated its support for the United Nations goal, which was agreed upon in September 2015:
- to halve per capita food waste at retail and consumer levels.
- Food waste, including post-harvest losses, is to be reduced along the production and supply chain
This is a very ambitious goal, and it will only be able to be achieved at national level with the collaboration of all stakeholders along the food supply chain. The Too good for the bin! initiative launched in 2012 is an integral component of the National Strategy for Food Waste Reduction". Too Good for the Bin! is being continuously expanded and extended to include the entire food supply chain.
Through diverse activities aimed at a wide variety of target groups, the BMEL already offers support to anyone who values the sustainable, resource-conserving, and appreciative handling of food.
Too good for the bin! on the Internet
How much food is actually thrown away? What are the reasons why foodstuffs end up in the bin? And what can I do as an individual? The website provides consumers with answers and recommendations for action through simple tips, recipes to make the most of leftovers, and numerous join-in activities. Here, consumers can learn how they can easily reduce everyday food waste. There are some helpful tips at www.zugutfuerdietonne.de, with monthly key themes and a large information and service area. There are also school materials for years 3 - 6 and 7 - 9.
Too good for the bin! Federal Prize
With our “Too good for the bin!” prize, the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) honours initiators of outstanding projects who contribute to reducing food waste through specific ideas, pioneering spirit, and great commitment. The prize is awarded to projects from a large variety of areas along the entire food supply chain: from production and trade to food processing in the catering sector and in private households. The competition is open to everyone: no matter whether it is a company, a caterer, an agricultural holding, a scientific institution, a private person, an NGO, a municipality, or an initiative – anyone can join in! The federal prize is awarded to one project from each of the five categories agriculture and production, trade, restaurant and catering sector, society and education, and digitalisation. There are additional funding prizes worth € 15,000 in total for concepts and projects at the launch or development stage.
The “Making the most of leftovers” app
A plate of pasta and some leftover vegetables from the day before in the fridge? The “Making the most of leftovers” app from Too good for the bin! shows what tasty dishes can be rustled up with them. In addition to 700 recipes, users can also find tips on avoiding food waste. All recipes are also available online on the Zu gut für die Tonne! website. Futher information here.
Recipe videos in the #restereloaded series
What to do with leftover food? You-Tube videos with recipes offer clear assistance in cooking with leftover food and are published on the BMEL’s social media channels and by Too good for the bin!.Find the videos here.
The making-the-most-of-leftovers box
The aim is to use the “making-the-most-of-leftovers box” (“Beste-Reste-Box”) to encourage catering businesses to actively offer guests the option of having their leftovers packed to take home. At the same time, guests are encouraged to ask for their leftovers to be packed for them to take home. The boxes can be purchased at Metro Cash&Carry.
Active food appreciation
The direct exchange of ideas between citizens is crucial to focus on food as a valuable resource in our daily lives. Additional events such as the Federal Government’s Open Day promote the active appreciation of food.
Germany saves food awareness-raising week
Under the motto of Germany saves food, the first nationwide awareness-raising week for greater appreciation of food took place from 22nd - 29th September 2020. The second nationwide awareness-raising week will take place in autumn 2021. The aim of the awareness-raising weeks is to draw attention to the subject of reducing food waste nationwide and to strengthen the movement for greater appreciation of our food.
A joint effort to reduce food waste
The agreed goals for reducing food waste can only be achieved if all actors along the value chain make their own specific contributions and if the overall awareness in society of the value of food increases. The www.zugutfuerdietonne.de website therefore not only gives tips and tricks for everyday life, but also provides information on the range of different activities taking place to reduce food waste. Take action!